Your Guide to International Medical and Travel Insurance

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Required International Medical Insurance

IFS requires that all participants in our programs have international medical insurance. Some medical insurance plans provide international coverage, but many do not. Make sure to check with your healthcare provider to confirm that your plan includes international coverage, medical evacuation, and major medical benefits.

If your plan does not provide international coverage, you can check the plans provided by MEDEX Assistance, HCC Medical Insurance Services, or the International Student Identity Card (ISIC). These options should provide adequate individual coverage.  Group coverage is also available especially for academic institutions for groups of 20 or more.

Optional Travel Insurance

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IFS suggests that participants purchase travel insurance that covers trip expenses such as natural disasters, travel delays, and emergencies. Hurricane season in the Bahamas lasts from June to the end of November. Groups visiting during this timeframe should strongly consider the additional coverage. If your group will be in the Bahamas during hurricane season, the National Weather Service can provide further insight or any necessary precaution at www.nws.noaa.gov.  

Medical and Travel Insurance Combined

Two of the international medical insurance options listed in the prior section also offer international travel insurance. The International Student Identity Card (or International Youth Travel Card or International Teacher Identity Card) can save students, teachers, and overseas visitors money on travel insurance plans and other discounts or benefits. All cards issued in the U.S. come with international travel insurance. Learn more here: https://www.myisic.com/insurance/. StudentSecure coverage from HCC Medical Insurance Services, LLC is another good option for internationally traveling students to protect against unexpected expenses. This coverage is available for secondary school and college students or researchers. Learn more here: https://www.hccmis.com/student-secure-insurance/index.php.

The IFS policy states that deposits and fees are non-refundable, and IFS will not be held responsible for trip cancellations. If IFS cancels a trip due to natural disasters or other emergencies, your group may be eligible for a partial refund. Please see the group leader agreement form for more information on the IFS payment/refund policies.

If you are uncertain about purchasing international travel insurance, please contact our office. We are happy to provide additional assistance to help determine the best coverage for your personal and group needs during your time at Forfar. 

Please note: we do not endorse any of the plans mentioned above, they are just some options available to you.

 

 

IFS & Reef Rescue Network outplant corals from our propagation site!

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Our Propagation Site

The coral line nursery (as shown above) is growing 80 to 90 fragments of Staghorn (Acropora cervicornis), Elkhorn (Acropora palmata), and Fused Staghorn (Acropora prolifera) species. These species of coral provide incredibly important habitats within reefs. Unfortunately, these fast-growing coral species face many challenges in warming waters. They are particularly susceptible to bleaching events and higher concentrations of carbon dioxide which can impair coral fertilization. To learn more about coral restoration efforts and coral propagation, check out Dr. David Vaughan's research at the Mote Tropical Research Center here.

In collaboration with the Reef Rescue Network, we are excited to monitor the progress and growth of these outplanted corals! We are thrilled about the positive results from the coral propagation and restoration efforts so far in the Bahamas. These ongoing projects give us hope for the future of coral reefs, and IFS will continue to restore, support and protect these precious ecosystems.

What is coral outplanting?

Corals are grown in a nursery for about six to nine months on average. When they are deemed ready for outplanting, they are taken to predetermined restoration sites and are directly attached to the reef with a non-toxic marine epoxy or with nails and zip ties (check out this video to see the nail and zip tie method in action). Corals can then be monitored for potential threats including disease, tissue paling, and predation. Broken fragments of coral can be reattached to the reef and grow into new coral colonies that promote genetic diversity. These broken coral fragments would likely not be able to reattach themselves to the reef or survive on their own without our help.

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We are passionate about sharing the latest research and updates on the health of global coral reefs and marine conservation. Stay up to date with us here! 

The Future of Coral Propagation

We are amazed by the large scale efforts for the preservation and restoration of coral reefs being implemented today by our friends at SECORE. Coral restoration can be tedious, as each coral fragment must be manually transplanted onto the reef. However, SECORE is implementing pilot projects that utilize quicker methods for restoration in Mexico and Curacao. SECORE Seeding Units allow for rapid seeding of coral fragments (also called coral recruits). Intensive research has gone into the asexual reproduction of coral species, and the best way to propagate coral recruits with genetic diversity, while emphasizing the ability for coral species to better withstand the changing oceanic conditions that can easily stress and kill reefs.

SECORE highlights some of the greatest challenges facing the Bahamian coral reefs. Because of the shallow waters surrounding the Bahamas, the reefs are subjected to increasing water temperatures which can lead to algal growth, elevated nutrient levels and the potential for reoccurring coral bleaching (SECORE, Bahamas). Continued research aims to find the most resilient corals in a changing environment. We can't wait to follow along with their findings, projects and developing research for the health and survival of future reefs!

Click to scroll through the photos below.

Where are they now? A Spotlight on Previous Interns - Tami LaPilusa!

Today, we are excited to introduce the lovely and accomplished Tami LaPilusa!

 Jason Morrison, Tami (Ohlin) LaPilusa, Earl the dog, and Matt LaPilusa (yes, they got married!)

Jason Morrison, Tami (Ohlin) LaPilusa, Earl the dog, and Matt LaPilusa (yes, they got married!)

Tami worked as an intern at Forfar field station from September 1996 to June 1998. Her ties to Forfar and IFS are still strong today.  Tami conducts research which started with her graduate degree and continues in her current faculty position at SUNY Oneonta. Her research emphasizes conservation and sustainable management for crab species in the Bahamas, including the Christmas Island blue crab, Discoplax celeste, and the blue land crab, Cardisoma guanhumi Latreille.

She recently presented her research at the Bahamas Natural History Conference in 2016 and 2018. 

Watch her presentation from 2016 here: Crab Pen Survey & Harvest Analysis of the Land Crab

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During her internship at Forfar, Tami emphasized the skills she learned, from flexibility, adaptability, public speaking, SCUBA, watercraft operations & maintenance, to the ability to work collaboratively with others who may not share her views. She fondly recalls her relationship with local community members and the lasting friendships amongst her fellow interns.

Since her internship, Tami has held leadership positions in many organizations including her role as program director for the Boys and Girls Club. She was also the office manager for IFS at the Florida office. Currently, she is on the biology faculty at SUNY Oneonta.

In her free time, she continues to travel to different islands in The Bahamas. Her hobbies include beach exploration, hiking, and camping. 

IFS loves working in collaboration with Tami, and we are excited to share her research with you! Follow the link below to learn more about Tami's work:

Tami LaPilusa, Erratum to: Characterization of microsatellite markers from the commodity species Cardisoma guanhumi Latreille and the Christmas Island blue crab (Discoplax celeste)

Click on the images to scroll through!

 

 

 

Support IFS with your Kroger groceries!

With the Kroger Community Rewards program, you can support IFS with every purchase using your Kroger card. 

You can register online at krogercommunityrewards.com

The Kroger account will prompt you to choose your favorite (or local) store and will require your Kroger card number.

Enter 'International Field Studies, Inc.' or NPO number 51876

Now, when you use your card at Kroger, you raise money for IFS!!!

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Where are they now? A Spotlight on Previous Interns - Dale Kline!

Meet Dale Kline!

Dale lived and worked at Forfar from June 2015 to August 2016. During her time at the field station, she learned more than she expected! 

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"Forfar gave me experience not only in marine bio, but also botany, geology, diving, carpentry, plumbing, car and boat maintenance, trail management, painting, and the invaluable skill of keeping your wits about you when things go pear-shaped. That breadth of knowledge has helped me branch out from my field and make connections others would not. You have to get good at so many things at Forfar that you come out of it with way more experience than you bargained for!"

She credits her experience, from the teaching, the exploration, the team, and the island, and it's role in shaping her as a "cooler, competent, and confident person."

Today, she is the Social Media Manager for the Smithsonian Gardens, an Artist for Trader Joe’s, and a volunteer diver for the Baltimore Aquarium. She still loves diving and hiking and gardening, but has gained a bit of a fearless taste for adventure. 

Thank you Dale!

 

 

Where are they now? A Spotlight on our Previous Interns - Carolyn Belak!

In this week's spotlight, we are catching up with the incredible Carolyn Belak!

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Carolyn lived and worked on Forfar Field Station from April 2014 to January 2016. During her time on Andros Island, Carolyn found her true passion - marine invertebrates! She expressed the importance of field studies for students, saying "My time with students from the middle of the country also taught me the power of experiential learning, something that I'd like to incorporate in any job in the future."

Currently, Carolyn is pursuing her Master's degree at Humboldt State University in Arcata, California. Check out her published paper on a queen conch, Lobatus gigas, population in a marine protected area here!

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Before returning to school, Carolyn worked for the California Department of Fish and Wildlife, and also as a dive instructor at a shop in the Bay Area. She has had the opportunity to volunteer on a number of research trips, studying Nassau grouper and queen conch in the Bahamas, as well as plankton distributions off the coast of California.

Diving is Carolyn's passion! She told us, "I've been lucky enough to have traveled back to the Bahamas for conch work (warm water!) but have loved traversing through the kelp forests in Monterey, San Diego, and the San Juan islands. I also like to explore the local redwoods and other hikes too!"

As she reflected warmly on her time at Forfar, ("Everyday was an adventure!") we can't thank Carolyn enough for her passion and positivity during her Forfar days, and we wish her the best of luck pursuing her degree and living the adventures of life to the fullest! Cheers, Carolyn!

 

 

Where are they now? A Spotlight on our Previous Interns - Tyler Steube!

We've caught up with a few of our previous Forfar interns over the years to share their experiences and the career paths they have followed since disembarking Andros Island! I am pleased to introduce our first spotlight intern, Tyler Steube! 

Tyler lived at Forfar Field Station from December 2015 to July 2016. During his time there, he strengthened his communication and leadership skills while leading and interacting with students, teachers and researchers. We asked Tyler, how did the Forfar internship benefit you in your current job or your future career goals?

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"My internship at Forfar allowed me to develop both as a biological technician and a leader. As a teaching assistant and a graduate student, the ability to be a dynamic speaker and maximize audience engagement is paramount. From my time at the field station, I strengthened these abilities daily. Other leadership skills occurred from collaborating with group leaders and the station director. Having an open line of communication helps everyone involved, and in time I came to anticipate group requests which allowed myself and Forfar to exceed expectations. Now as a graduate student, speaking and connecting to others from a variety of backgrounds happens every day. Making the most of those interactions has been greatly enhanced by my time at Forfar."

When reflecting on the professional skills he gained from his internship, Tyler stated:

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"I was fortunate to have boating and diving experience when beginning my internship. However, this starting knowledge was greatly enhanced at Forfar. This included boat knowledge, operation, maneuvering, and engine maintenance. North Andros is a remote island far from any marine part stores. Being a professional means safety always takes priority. Knowing how to prepare and react to boating issues while still leading and assuring a group is the most important professional skill I gained at Forfar. Others include confidence in leading water excursions and species identification."

Forfar Field Station truly benefitted from Tyler's positive attitude, hard work ethic, and growth as a young professional. His confidence and skills enhance the purpose and importance of the IFS' mission - experiential environmental education!

Since leaving Forfar, Tyler enrolled in a Master's Degree at Texas A&M - Corpus Christi graduating May 2018. Congratulations, Tyler! In his free time, he enjoys beachcoming and camping along the beaches of the Gulf of Mexico, and articulating fish skeletons for his ichthyology class. In the photos below, you'll see him and his dad fishing near South Andros!

 

 

How to Obtain a Research Permit

For Conducting Research, Conservation Work or Collecting on Andros Island, Bahamas

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1. ALL RESEARCH in the Bahamas requires a permit from BEST

Depending on the type of research, conservation work, or collecting you may be doing, the Bahamas Government will require you work with the correct permitting agency.

Start any research project with an application to the Bahamas Environment, Science and Technology Commission (BEST). You must complete a research permit application found here: http://www.best.gov.bs/research-permits/  Any other permit you apply for will require that you show a permit from BEST.

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BAHAMAS ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY COMMISSION (BEST)
research@best.gov.bs
Charlotte House, 1st Floor
Charlotte & Shirley Streets P.O. Box N-7132
NP, The Bahamas

2. Marine Based Research Permits

Any marine based research requires a permit from the Department of Marine Resources.  Complete a research application form from the Department of Marine Resources.  

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DEPARTMENT OF MARINE RESOURCES
fisheries@bahamas.gov.bs
East Bay Street
P.O. Box N-3028
NP, The Bahamas
Telephone: (242) 393-1777
Fax: (242) 393-0238

3. Exporting of CITES-listed Species

If you require the export of any CITES-listed species you are required to contact the Department of Agriculture and complete a CITES application form.  

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Luceta Hanna
lucetahanna@bahamas.gov.bs
NP, The Bahamas
Telephone: (242) 397-7457
Fax: (242) 325-3960

4. Any work to be done within a Bahamas National Trust managed park

If your research, conservation work, or collecting will take place in a managed Bahamas National Trust land or marine park, you will need to complete a permit application from BNT found here: https://bnt.bs/science/research-permits/  

Any questions can be sent to science@bnt.bs. You will be contacted within five days to confirm your application, and your application will be processed within two weeks.  You must email your completed permits from Bahamas Environment Science and Technology Commission (BEST), Department of Marine Resources, and/or Department of Agriculture to science@bnt.bs. Pay a Bahamas National Trust (BNT) research permit processing fee of $75 found at: https://bnt.bs/product/research-permit-processing-fee/

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BAHAMAS NATIONAL TRUST                                             
science@bnt.bs                     
The Bay Street Business Centre
P.O. Box N-4105
NP, The Bahamas
Telephone: (242) 393-1317
Fax: (242) 393-4978

 

5. Additional Information:

  • The procedures of the permitting processes can change periodically and therefore it is recommended to check in with the relevant agencies about any changes to procedures.

  • All research equipment and materials brought into the country need to be listed in the BEST permit for exemption, otherwise, they will be subject to taxes.

  • When exporting specimens, also remember to acquire the appropriate import permits from the relevant country.

  • Any intention of bioprospecting must be clearly stated on your application form.

  • Recurring research with BNT managed national parks will need new applications processed, however, reference to previous application forms and permits can reduce the amount of information needed.

  • Refusal to comply with the documentation requirements may be result in the refusal to conduct research within BNT managed parks, or in The Bahamas in the future.    

Welcome the New Interns!

At Forfar Field Station, we are happy to introduce Charlotte King and Abigail Baker as our newest additions!  With incredible experience and passion in SCUBA and marine conservation, IFS is confident in the successes of Charlotte and Abigail as environmental educators at Forfar.  We are also excited to introduce our new office intern in Columbus, Ohio, Alessandra Cancalosi! 

Click to scroll through the photos below.

Abigail Baker, Dive Master from Burlington, Vermont (left). 

Charlotte King, Native Ohioan and Denison University Graduate 2017 (middle). 

Alessandra Cancalosi, dreaming of Andros Island, Denison University Graduate 2017 (right).

Updates and Work Week at Forfar Field Station

With the help of our work week volunteers, staff and interns, we were able to get the station repainted and complete the re-shingling of the lodge. 

We are so grateful to our volunteers during our annual work weeks and encourage others who want to give back to Forfar to volunteer at a future work week (2018 date to be determined). 

If you are interested in bringing down a group to volunteer or are skilled in plumbing, electrical, or carpentry and would like to volunteer your expertise outside of a work week, please contact the office at 614.268.9930 (office@intlfieldstudies.org).

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Coral Restoration in the Bahamas

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As you may or may not know, Forfar Field Station has a coral propagation site that has been in existence since June 2015. The coral line nursery (as shown above) is growing 80 to 90 fragments of Staghorn, Elkhorn and Fused Staghorn species. The largest pieces are 30cm! 

Unfortunately, there was some hurricane damage on the line nursery. The deepest line was snapped, causing some fragment bleaching and death. The line was successfully retied in early February, but must be replaced to fully secure the future growth of the coral species on this line.   
 
 Otherwise, we are excited about the positive results from the coral propagation and restoration efforts so far in the Bahamas.  IFS will continue to partner and assist with the ongoing efforts.  There is hope yet that we can restore, protect, and reverse the decline of our beloved coral reefs.

Click to scroll through the photos below.

Tips for Booking Group Flights

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Purchasing group flights can be a difficult and often unfamiliar process. This post will guide you through our suggested steps for arranging a group flight at a good price and with minimal frustration.

Please keep in mind that flights should arrive in Nassau no later than 1:00 pm and should depart from Nassau after 12:00 pm. Arriving and departing at these times will provide you with enough time to go through immigration and customs, check/pick up your bags, and catch your flight between Nassau and Andros.

Getting Started

We suggest that group leaders start their search for flights with Google Flights. This search engine shows information from several different airlines. You won’t be able to use this tool for booking group flights but it can give you a good idea of a  "baseline" price for 1 passenger and the different routes you can take to your destination. This step will be useful for creating a budget for potential students and for finding airlines that service the route you’re interested in.

Utilizing your Resources

Many schools and universities have an agreement with an outside travel agency and some may even employ in-house travel planners. If these services are provided for your organization we recommend this as your #1 option.

Working Directly with an Airline

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If your organization doesn’t provide travel planning services we suggest that you work directly with an airline provider. Once you find a potential flight through Google Flights you can contact the airline directly for group rates (usually starting at 10 or more tickets). Most airlines have created specific departments for this and you can find airline specific information below.

Contact a Travel Agent

Travel agencies are able to offer group rates, bookings, and assistance (should flights get canceled, delayed or missed), but they usually charge an additional per person fee.

Some of our groups have worked with Uniglobe Travel Designers in the past. Our current contact at Uniglobe Travel Designers is Deb Maloney. She is a Corporate Travel Consultant and can be reached by email at debm@uniglobetd.com or by phone at 614-237-4488 Ext. 589. Other travel agents can be found locally or through a quick Google search.

If you’re still having trouble finding a flight with the provided information, please contact our office. We are happy to look into flight options for your group and provide additional assistance.

Please Welcome the 2017-2018 Season Interns!

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The 2017-2018 Season interns have arrived and training is well underway. This years group of interns have fantastic environmental education, research, and conservation backgrounds including studying sea turtles, sharks, shorebirds, and expertise in geology, fish, and invertebrates. 

We look forward to another great season at Forfar and are confident you'll be very happy with the new educational staff!

Help IFS Improve our Field Station Equipment!

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We have been improving our education equipment over the past two years but there are some costly items that we would like to replace.  Items include a new projector screen, new classroom laptop, binoculars, and microscopes (both compound and dissecting).   

We are seeking donations to help us purchase the new educational equipment.  Your donation will go along way and for every $200 that is raised, we will be able to purchase 4 sets of binoculars or one compound microscope.  Every donation, no matter how small, will help us reach our goal of $4,000 to replace these items (including customs and shipping to the Bahamas).

The new equipment will help visiting students spot the rare and endemic birds of Andros and examine the different types of plankton found in Stafford Creek.  As always, environmental education is our focus and these improvements will make the Forfar experience even better!

Click here to Donate!

** All donations are tax deductible **

2017 BNT Ecocamp at Forfar Field Station

BNT-Ecocamp

We are proud to host the annual BNT Eco Camp at Forfar Field Station this week.

Through a competitive selection process, motivated young environmental leaders receive a full scholarship to attend an intense week-long summer camp on Andros Island.

Eco Camp disconnects participants from the hustle and bustle of technology and other services one might take for granted and focuses their attention on natural resources, conservation, and sustainability.

Daily schedules include morning birdwatching walks, interactive classroom presentations, boat rides to unique cays, snorkeling coral reefs and brainstorm sessions to work collaboratively on both an Andros community outreach event and a community project for their home island.

Field trips to Blue Hole National Park to witness the majesty of blue holes for themselves as well as a night’s stay under the stars in the surrounding pine forest fosters an appreciative connection to the unique ecosystems and culture of Andros Island.

Eco Campers experience first-hand that sometimes, one must disconnect from the world, to reconnect with nature.

Join us for a Work Week at Forfar!

IFS will be hosting two upcoming work weeks at the field station in preparation for the 2018 season. These weeks will be dedicated for volunteers interested in helping with work around the station. 
 
When is it?  
The work weeks will be October 14th-21st, 2017 and December 16th-23rd, 2017.  
 
What will volunteers be doing? 
Man-power tends to be a limiting factor at the field station so there are always projects!!  Cardo and his staff will work very hard in the off-season completing some large scale projects (plumbing, tree cutting, etc.) but there are plenty of other projects to be completed.  

The primary focus of the October work week will be roofing and roof repairs. The December work week will include miscellaneous projects that will likely be tasks that include painting the outside of all the cabins and wooden structures, brush clearing, and tree removal.

Most of the work being performed will be hands-on physical labor and/or painting. We recommend bringing a pair of work gloves and clothing that you don't mind getting a little dirty!   Volunteers will work ~6 hours a day.  Your evenings will be free to do what you want and there will be one full boat day to go out snorkeling. 
 
Who can come?
Anyone able-bodied and willing to work hard to improve the field station! If you attend the October work week expect most of the work to be roofing. 
 
How much will it cost? 
Get yourself to the field station and it's free!  We will cover the lodging and food for the week in exchange for your hard work! 
 
If you are interested, please contact Matt at the office with questions (office@intlfieldstudies.org or 614.268.9930) and complete this online Registration Form.

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Facilitating Research at Forfar

A group of 6 students and an instructor from SUNY Oneonta recently finished a 4-week research trip on Andros. 

The students learned about land crabs – a traditional food source that has been threatened by development, disaster, and over-harvesting. 

The data they collected will help to determine land crab fishery stock abundance on North Andros Island as a means of enabling long-term, sustainable harvests of this economically and culturally important food source.

You can learn more about their recent adventure by reading this article or visiting the CCRABSS Facebook page

About Andros Island

Overview of Andros  

Andros is the largest island of the Bahama Archipelago, which consists of more than 700 islands. At more than 100 miles long and 40 miles wide, it is the fifth largest in all of the Caribbean [1]. The sparsely populated Andros is laced with creeks and has a densely forested inland. The island's western coast is still largely uninhabited and is home to the West Side National Park.

Today, compared with other Bahamian islands, Andros has a much smaller population with fewer than 8,000 people [2].  Most of the settlements on Andros Island are located on the eastern coast, with one settlement on the western coast called Red Bays. Because Andros is split in half by cays and inlets, transportation between the north and south islands is not possible by land. 

History and Culture

The eastern coast of Andros island is home to more than half the population centralized in 3 main towns: Nicholl’s Town, Andros Town (aka Fresh Creek), and Congo Town [1]. There also are a number of Mennonite missions, a few small resorts, and the Atlantic Undersea Test and Evaluation Center (AUTEC) - a NATO base run by the US Navy. 

Although Andros is roughly 200 miles off the coast of Florida, the language and culture are distinctly different from the United States. Virtually untouched by the tourism industry common to other Bahamian islands, Andros remains a rural area characterized by small tightly-knit communities.

The history of Andros includes a colorful array of farming, fishing, sponging, and logging, Arawak, Lucayan, and Seminole Indians, European explorers and colonizers, slaves, pirates, bootleggers, and smugglers.

We share a common language, but Bahamian English carries influence from African and island dialects and is often spoken more quickly than standard American English [3].  Visitors who embrace the Androsian people and their culture will be richly rewarded and educated by the experience. The lack of development on Andros enhances its environmental uniqueness and makes it an ideal site for our field station.

Flora and Fauna

Andros lends itself well to terrestrial studies since its size correlates with its diversity. Andros is a subtropical island with at least five distinct vegetation zones. Savannah, coppice, swash, and mangrove areas are all accessible for field studies. In both wetland and forested areas, over 200 endemic and North American birds have been included in long-term bird counts.

Reptiles include the endangered Bahamian boa, several different species of Caribbean Sea turtles, and a variety of anoles. In the summertime, look for land crabs. Along the coast, compare the rocky shores to the white sand beaches and ask to visit some excellent invertebrate tide-pooling areas.

More than 50 species of wild orchids thrive in the subtropical forests and the wetlands of Andros. Commercial flower collectors have been known to set fire to the pineland coppices to collect the sharp-petaled bletias that flourish in ashy soil. The orchid genus Epidendrum has nine species endemic to the Bahamas, all of which can be found on Andros [4].

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Geologists are attracted to many features in the Bahamas, including the thick limestone foundation of the island, dramatically cut by deep channels. The geology and topography of the island is distinctive, with 178 inland and 50 oceanic blue holes and a network of underwater caves [5].

 

 

Andros By Sea

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When people think of the Bahamas, they visualize white sandy beaches, a balmy breeze, and azure, crystal water. Andros has all of these in abundance, but perhaps the barrier reef is the most stunning feature. The Tongue of the Ocean near the reef separates the islands of Andros and New Providence and is a U-shaped trench that varies in depth from 3,600 ft to 6,000 ft. and is approximately 20 miles wide by 150 miles long [6].

Just one of several marine habitats, the reef runs the full length of the island. The Andros reef is the third largest fringing reef in the world, second only to Australia and Belize, and is considered by many to be the most diverse and pristine. The reef has both fringing and barrier characteristics and supports a colorful and amazing diversity of life. It offers a tremendous variety of 10 to 25 foot deep gardens abloom with both hard and soft corals, some of which emerge from the seas at low tide.

You don't need to be a scuba diver to enjoy the benefits of the ocean. Our snorkeling sites described in the “Sites and Sights” guide offer fantastic views of a great variety of fish, coral, and other invertebrates. Exotic fish species that make this place home provide a pleasurable kaleidoscope for divers and snorkelers alike. In the waters off the shores, you will find marlins, tarpons, sailfish, tunas, snappers, jacks, plus other game fish around the barrier reef [6]. Occasionally, snorkelers enjoy the rare privilege of playing with wild dolphins that may join in for a dip off the beach at Forfar.

 
 Androsia Fabric

Androsia Fabric

Economy and Culture

The economy on Andros consists of the sponging industry, sport fishing, tourism and diving, wood carving, basket weaving and the production of Batik fabric (Androsia). Androsia is a distinct, bright fabric that is created through a unique process involving hand carved stamps and hot wax.

 

Climate

The temperature on Andros is gorgeous all year long. The single most important climatic agent affecting the Andros weather is the warm trade wind. During the winter months, the Gulf Stream warms the island, in May, southerly trade winds return to gently cool them [7] [8].

Average monthly temperatures:

Average Highs: Jan 77°    Feb 78°    Mar 80°    Apr 82°    May 85°      Jun 87°     Jul 89°     Aug 89°     Sep 88°     Oct 86°    Nov 82°     Dec 79°

Average Lows: Jan 62°    Feb 62°     Mar 64°    Apr 66°    May 70°     Jun 73°     Jul 75°      Aug 75°     Sep 75°     Oct 72°     Nov 68°    Dec 64°

Average water temperatures:

Jan 74°    Feb 74°     Mar 75°     Apr 78°     May 80°     Jun 83°     Jul 85°     Aug 86°     Sep 85°     Oct 83°     Nov 80°    Dec 76°


Citations

[1] "Andros." The Official Site of The Bahamas. The Islands of the Bahamas, 10 Mar. 2017. Web. 06 Mar. 2017.

[2] "Bahamas Andros." City Population. 10 Mar. 2017. Web. 06 Mar. 2017.

[3] "Our Language." The Official Site of The Bahamas. Accessed March 07, 2017.

[4] Campbell, David. The Ephemeral Islands, A Natural History of the Bahamas. p. 42

[5] "Incredible Blue Holes of the World." The Weather Channel. Accessed March 07, 2017.

[6] "Andros Barrier Reef and Tongue of the Ocean." The Official Site of The Bahamas. Accessed March 07, 2017.

[7] "Andros Town The Bahamas Monthly Weather."The Weather Channel. Accessed March 10, 2017.

[8] "Andros Town Sea Temparature." Global Sea Temperature. Accessed March 10, 2017.